The table below shows a detailed definition of value creation pedagogy. It is taken from my PhD thesis from 2016. In this table, value creation pedagogy is defined in a short version and in a long version. The short version only consists of six words; learning-through-creating-value-for-others. The longer version specifies a few different key aspects. Students are supposed to use their competencies when they create value. It is also preferable if the value created is novel in some way.